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12 Different Types of Employment (A Detailed Overview)

In the present dynamic job market, it is prudent for the job seeker to understand the various types of employment. One of these may range from one extreme to the other, each carrying with it unique characteristics, both advantages and challenges. The guide explains 12 types of employment, giving one insight on how to go through their career life.

1. Full-Time Employment

Full-time employment is the most typical and traditional form of employment. Generally, for a person to be considered full-time, they must work between 35 to 40 hours per week. They are usually entitled to other benefits, such as health insurance, paid time off, and retirement plans. Being full-time implies stability and gives an individual constant financial security, making it very good for those looking at long-term career development.


  • Job security
  • Comprehensive benefits
  • Consistent schedule and income


  • Less flexibility
  • Potential for burnout

2. Part-time Employment

Part-time work refers to working on reduced hours from that of a full-timer, often less than 35 hours a week. In other words, part-time employment is best for students, parents, or people who want to manage their time between family and work. While part-time employment implies reduced benefits compared to full-time workers, they can quickly attend to or take up other interests or obligations that could be side-lined with a full-time commitment to work.


  • Flexible schedule
  • Better work-life balance
  • Opportunity to gain experience


  • Limited benefits
  • Lower income

3. Temporary Employment

Temporary employment most often involves filling in for a very short time, such as seasonal employment or acting for an employee on leave. They are the typical temps working for staffing companies on a contract basis and for fixed-term employment. It’s one excellent way of gaining experience and trying on different industries or roles.


  • Gaining diverse experience
  • Flexibility in employment duration
  • Networking opportunities


  • Lack of job security
  • Limited benefits

4. Contract Employment

Contract employment means working according to the terms of the agreement for a specific project or even for a set period. In most cases, contract employees are specialists and freelancers who can dictate to a large extent what they work at and how it should be done, hence getting the perk of a higher pay rate, but with many obligations like taxes, insurance, and benefits that need to be accounted for independently.


  • Higher pay potential
  • Autonomy over projects
  • Flexible work arrangements


  • Lack of benefits
  • Responsibility for own taxes and insurance

5. Freelance Employment

Freelancers are self-employed individuals who sell their services to various customers and often sell more than one project at a time. Although the freedom of selection related to clients and projects is beneficial, one has to handle the business end by marketing one’s services, making up invoices, and keeping accounts for tax purposes.


  • Flexibility in choosing projects
  • Ability to work from anywhere
  • Potential for higher income


  • Inconsistent income
  • No employer-provided benefits

Time is Money

6. Internship

An internship is a temporary position that may be unpaid or offer a very modest stipend; it provides experience to students and recent graduates in a professional field. Internships are good opportunities for developing résumés, understanding an industry, and making contacts toward future employment.


  • Gaining practical experience
  • Building a professional network
  • Enhancing employability


  • Low or no pay
  • Temporary nature

7. Apprenticeship

Apprenticeships mix on-the-job learning and classroom instruction, most commonly in skilled trades such as carpentry, plumbing, or electrical work. The apprentice is actually paid throughout the learning process and, upon completion, will have acquired adequate skills for gaining full-time employment in the chosen field of interest.


  • Earn while learning
  • Comprehensive training
  • High employability post-completion


  • Intensive training period
  • Lower initial wages

8. Seasonal Employment

Seasonal employment refers to temporary work opportunities mainly related to specific seasons or holidays. Examples would include retail work over the winter holiday season, agriculture during harvesting, and certainly lifeguarding over the summer. Seasonal jobs are most appropriate for people needing temporary money or students on break.


  • Temporary income boost
  • Opportunity to gain experience
  • Potential for rehire in subsequent seasons


  • Temporary and short-term
  • No job security or benefits

9. On-Call Employment

The employee on call does not have work time set at any time. The worker is bound to be called into work at any particular time, and the individual is only paid for work done during that specific period. This is common in various working sectors, such as medical, emergency services, and hospitality.


  • Flexibility in work hours
  • Opportunity to earn extra income


  • Unpredictable schedule
  • Lack of job security and benefits

10. Remote Employment

Remote employment brings the ability to work from any location, and some rooms in the office become optional with this kind of employment. This type of employment is prevalent these days, mainly due to the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic. Through remote employment, employees get a lot of flexibility and generally combine personal life with work much better.


  • Flexible work environment
  • No commuting
  • Better work-life balance


  • Potential for isolation
  • Difficulty separating work and personal life

11. Self-Employment

Self-employment is the job whereby an individual is the sole proprietor of a business. He provides products and services to clients directly. Self-employment indeed gives complete autonomy about personal job control but demands a great deal of work on all avenues varying from marketing to finance.


  • Complete control over business decisions
  • Potential for high earnings
  • Flexibility in work schedule


  • High level of responsibility
  • No guaranteed income
  • Need to manage all business operations

12. Gig Employment

Gig employment: a short-term, task-based job often facilitated through digital means. Examples would include ride-share drivers, food delivery people, and people who do freelance work online. Gig workers have trouble with income stability and lack benefits, although the independence and flexibility of the jobs they find are prized.


  • Flexible work hours
  • Autonomy over tasks
  • Opportunity to earn extra income


  • Inconsistent income
  • Lack of benefits and job security

See Also: What Is Shift Bidding and How Does It Work?


Knowing the available employment types goes a long way toward making career decisions. Whether you want full-time work for more excellent stability, part-time job for its flexibility, or self-employment for its independence, each type of work has its own set of opportunities and challenges. By understanding the following 12 types of employment, you will be able to guide yourself better through the job market and ensure informed decisions to go for your desired career objectives.

Alma Reed is an author and researcher dedicated to enhancing productivity. She is deeply interested in areas such as time management, increasing productivity, and fostering healthy routines. Through her writing, she aims to assist people in boosting their job performance and attaining an ideal balance between work and life.

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